Below you can read exactly what AQA want you to know for this module. You can also find the relevant section from the specification on each page of this site. You should be aware of both what you need to know, and (just as importantly) what you DO NOT need to know. It is also important to remember that you need to be able to apply these statements to a wide range of different contexts, so you must practise this by attempting lots of different questions and reading around the subject.

3.6.1.1 Circular motion

Motion in a circular path at constant speed implies there is an acceleration and requires a centripetal force.

Magnitude of angular speed,

$$\omega=\frac{v}{r}=2\pi f$$

Radian measure of angle.

Direction of angular velocity will not be considered.

Centripetal acceleration,

$$a=\frac{v^{2}}{r}=\omega^{2}r$$

The derivation of the centripetal acceleration formula will not be examined.

Centripetal force,

$$F=\frac{mv^{2}}{r}=m\omega^{2}r$$

3.6.1.2 Simple harmonic motion

Analysis of characteristics of simple harmonic motion (SHM).

Condition for SHM: $a\propto -x$

Defining equation: $a=-\omega^{2}x$

$x=A\cos\omega t$ and $v=\pm \omega \sqrt{\left (A ^{2}-x^{2} \right )}$

Graphical representations linking the variations of *x*, *v* and *a* with time.

Appreciation that the v - t graph is derived from the gradient of the x - t graph and that the a - t graph is derived from the gradient of the v - t graph.

Maximum speed $=\omega A$

Maximum acceleration $=\omega^{2}A$

3.6.1.3 Simple harmonic systems

Study of mass-spring system:

$$T=2\pi \sqrt{\frac{m}{k}}$$

Study of simple pendulum: $$T=2\pi \sqrt{\frac{l}{g}}$$

Questions may involve other harmonic oscillators (eg liquid in U-tube) but full information will be provided in questions where necessary.

Variation of E_{k}, E_{p}, and total energy with both displacement and time.

Effects of damping on oscillations.

3.6.1.4 Forced vibrations and resonance

Qualitative treatment of free and forced vibrations.

Resonance and the effects of damping on the sharpness of resonance.

Examples of these effects in mechanical systems and situations involving stationary waves.